Wednesday, September 28, 2016
here. This also means I'll be discontinuing the FeedBlitz Feed for these posts after October 1st, 2016.
I'll be continuing all the great content you've found here on WordPress and I think it will offer a much better search engine for my posts as well as a better reading experience.
Hope to see all of you over there.
Posts will resume over at WordPress the week of October 2nd, 2016. and I'll be offering some great surprises for readers who follow me on WordPress.
Hope to see you there!
Wednesday, May 25, 2016
Recently, I finished a book that included the following medical scenario. The main character fell into a river and suffered a broken arm and concussion. During her ER visit, the doctor tells her she needs to be admitted overnight for observation because of the concussion.
along with the one that a CT scan is required in all instances of head injury-- it's not.)
A simple concussion does not need an overnight hospital stay. Let me qualify what I mean by simple. You receive a hit on the head and have one or some of the following global symptoms (dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting, and amnesia to the events.) Global symptoms mean more than just the bump on your head hurts.
This is really how concussion is diagnosed. CT scan is reserved for concerns of bleeding and/or fracture that might require a neurosurgical intervention. Typically, symptoms associated with bleeding and fracture are persistent and more dramatic. Headache pain is not relieved with medication and/or worsens. There is more than one episode of vomiting. Persistent confusion. Perseverating-- saying the same thing over and over. Inability to move part of the body. Decreased responsiveness. Amnesia that doesn't improve.
A patient with a simple concussion is monitored in the ER for several hours. Typically, we'll give them medication based on their symptoms to see if they improve. For instance, a patient that has nausea, headache and dizziness will get an anti-nausea medication and an over-the-counter pain reliever like Tylenol or Ibuprofen. If their symptoms improve and/or resolve and they can hold something down to eat then they are discharged home with instructions on when to return to the ER.
In order to be admitted into the hospital the patient must exhibit severe, persistent symptomology and/or have bleeding and/or fracture.
In absence of these, the patient will be discharged home.
Wednesday, May 18, 2016
Personally, I loved the show Castle. Sadly, it's been cancelled and perhaps it's for the best-- especially if Season 8, Episode 21 entitled Hell to Pay is any indication of the attention to detail they were giving their medical/forensic scenarios.
"He bled to death from a wound in his left side. My guess is whatever he was stabbed with punctured his subclavian artery. After that he would have had about thirty minutes to an hour tops."
There are TWO major problems with the above assessment.
First, your right and left subclavian arteries are located just below your collar bones. So, if you're stabbed in the left side, it's really hard to hit that sucker. That got me thinking about what is on your left side that could cause brisk bleeding. Your spleen is located on your left side tucked pretty nicely under your lower left ribs. Perhaps they meant splenic artery which would have been appropriate for the scenario.
Second is the time frame. If you have a severed artery, the bleeding will be severe and deadly if not controlled in a matter of minutes. There is no way this character would have survived thirty to sixty minutes-- I'd give max time at ten minutes and that might be pretty generous.
So Castle, at least go out on a high note with a medically accurate death scenario.
Wednesday, April 27, 2016
Coming across inaccurate medical scenarios in books is common for me so to have one raise my ire enough to blog about it generally means a pretty big eye roll was involved when I read the passage.
Scenario: An elderly male dressed in sweats is found wandering the streets of New York in a confused state.
Well, yea, just--- no.
If police find an elderly male, let alone any confused individual, wandering the streets without any ID the first place that person is going is straight to the ER likely via ambulance.
The reason? One, is to make sure nothing medically is wrong. Chronic diseases such as dementia and Alzheimer's are not the only reason the elderly people become confused. Something as simple as an electrolyte imbalance could be the cause. In any new onset confused state, other minor and major medical conditions need to be ruled out first. What might some of those be? Electrolyte imbalance. Brain Tumor. Stroke. Head Injury. Brain Bleed.
Secondly, there is not a nursing home in the United States that will take in an elderly person unknown to them without a medical evaluation first. Plus, do you know all that's involved for nursing home admissions? A lot.
In this instance, if the patient is deemed to not have anything clearly medical (that could be fixed or treated) causing his confusion, then the hospital would involve the police and likely social services for placement.
But no drive by drop-offs at the nursing home.